Root canal therapy is a procedure which is used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or infected.
Root Canal Treatment Hyderabad is done when the pulp which is composed of nerves and blood vessels in the tooth becomes infected or damaged. During the therapy of root canal, the pulp is removed, and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed.
People fear root canals because they think they are painful. Most people report that the procedure itself is no more painful than having a filling placed. The discomfort experienced in the period leading up to seeking dental care is really painful, not the procedure itself.
The pulp or pulp chamber is the soft area in the center of the tooth and contains the nerve, blood vessels, and connective tissue. The tooth's nerve is in the "root" or "legs" of the tooth. The root canals moves from the tip of the tooth's root into the pulp chamber.
A tooth's nerve is not vitally necessary to a tooth's health and function after the tooth has emerged through the gums. Its only function is sensory -- to provide the sensation of heat or cold. The presence or absence of a nerve will not influence the day-to-day functioning of the tooth. However, after treatment the tooth is less viable and more susceptible to fracture.
Signs you should know that you need root canal therapy include:
1. Severe toothache pain on chewing or application of pressure
2. Prolonged/Continuous sensitivity (pain) to hot or cold temperatures
3. Discoloration of the tooth
4. Swelling and tenderness in near by gums
5. A persistent or recurring pimple on the gums
Root canal therapy needs one or more office visits and can be performed by a dentist or endodontist specialist. The first step in the procedure is to take an X-ray to see the shape of the root canals and check if there are any signs of infection in the surrounding bone. Your dentist or Root canal specialist Hyderabad will then use local anesthesia to numb the area around the tooth. Actually, anesthesia may not be necessary, since the nerve is dead, but most dentists still give anesthesia to the area to make the patient more relaxed and at ease.
Next, to make the area dry and free of saliva during treatment, your dentist will place a rubber dam (a sheet of rubber) around the tooth.
An access hole will then be drilled into the tooth. The pulp, along with bacteria and related debris, is removed from the tooth. The cleaning-out process is performed using root canal files. A series of these files of increasing diameter are each placed subsequently into the access hole and worked down the full length of the tooth to scrape and scrub the sides of the root canals. Water or sodium hypochlorite has to be used periodically to flush away the debris.
Once the tooth is cleaned thoroughly it requires to be sealed. Some dentists like to wait for a week before sealing the tooth. For instance, if there is any infection, your dentist may put a medication inside the tooth to clear it up. Others may choose to seal the tooth the same day it is cleaned out. If root canal therapy is not over on the same day, a temporary filling is inserted in the exterior hole in the tooth to keep contaminants out between appointments.
At the next appointment, to fill the interior of the tooth, a sealer paste and a rubber compound called gutta-percha has to be placed into the tooth's root canal. To fill the exterior access hole created at the beginning of treatment, a filling is placed.
The final step may include further restoration of the tooth. Because a tooth that needs root canal therapy often is one that has a large filling or extensive decay or other weakness, a crown, crown and post, or other restoration often requires to be placed on the tooth to protect it, prevent it from breaking, and restore it to full function. Your best endodontist doctor will discuss the need for any additional dental work with you.