It specializes in treating many diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (jaws and face) region.
Procedures Performed by Oral Surgeons are:
Tooth extractions are the most common procedure that oral surgeons perform. Minor surgery is usually needed to remove impacted wisdom teeth, and is generally suggested even if the impacted teeth aren’t producing any symptoms. Fortunately, this procedure is routine, and it is often done in the dental hospital using the techniques of sedation dentistry.
Corrective Jaw (Orthognathic) Surgery is sometimes required when orthodontics is not enough to correct a misaligned bite. Oral surgeons work closely with orthodontists in planning and carrying out this type of surgery, which may be needed when orthodontics alone can’t correct the problem.
Cleft lip /palate surgery is a special type of surgery often done by oral and maxillofacial surgeons to correct the changes in facial structure caused by this birth defect.
Reconstructive surgery is necessary after traumatic dental injury or facial trauma which can result from an auto accident, a workplace injury, and many other causes. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons specialize in repairing and reconstructing facial structures, and are expert at working with both hard and soft tissues.
Many teens and some adults get their wisdom teeth removed, while there are other reasons such as excessive tooth decay, tooth infection and crowding, why tooth extraction may be needed in adulthood.
Those who get braces may need one or two teeth removed to provide room for their other teeth as they shift into place. In order to keep mouth healthy, those who are undergoing chemotherapy or are about to have an organ transplant may need compromised teeth removed.
Tooth extraction is performed by a dentist or oral surgeon and is a relatively quick outpatient procedure with either local, general, intravenous anesthesia, or a combination. Removing visible teeth is a simple extraction. Teeth that are broken, below the surface, or impacted require a more involved procedure.
An impacted tooth is a tooth that, for some cause/reason, has been blocked from breaking through the gum. A tooth may be only partially impacted sometimes, meaning it has started to break through.
Oftentimes, impacted teeth cause no obvious symptoms and are only discovered during a routine X-ray.
Orthognathic surgery is a corrective jaw surgery that is designed to straighten or realigns your jaw, and correct related skeletal deformities that a patient may require. At minimum, orthognathic surgery cost includes surgeon fees, hospital fees, orthodontics charges, anesthesia fees and pain medications. It is performed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon
Facial injuries include injuries involving the mouth, face and jaw. They affect the upper jaw, lower jaw, cheek, nose, eye socket, or forehead.
These range from facial cuts and lacerations to more serious problems, such as broken teeth and facial bones. These injuries may happen during automobile accidents, sports or recreational activities, fights or assaults, work-related tasks, projects around the house or accidental falls.
Treatment for facial injuries differs depending on the location and severity of your injury. Patients with facial injuries may additional medical problems. Your doctor will arrange necessary specialists depending on your medical conditions.
Rare growths or lesions develop in the jawbone or the soft tissues in the mouth and face that are called as Jaw cysts and tumours. Jaw tumors and cysts, sometimes called odontogenic tumors and cysts, can vary greatly in size and severity. These growths are usually noncancerous (benign), but they can be aggressive and invade the surrounding bone and tissue and may displace teeth.
Depending on the type of growth or lesion, the stage of growth, and symptoms treatment options for jaw tumors and cysts can be decided. Mouth, jaw and face (oral and maxillofacial) surgeons can treat your jaw tumor or cyst usually by surgery, or in some cases, by medical therapy or a combination of surgery and medical therapy.
The temporomandibular joint or jaw joint is located in front of the ear where the skull and the lower jaw meet. The joint enables the lower jaw (mandible) to move and function. The joint itself is made up of two bones that are separated by a disc of cartilage. Ligaments and muscles surround the joint.
Problems with the jaw joint are very common. In some instances only the muscles are affected (myofacial pain dysfunction) whereas in others the cartilages and ligaments may also be at fault (internal derangement of temporomandibular joint).
Most jaw joint problems are made worse by chewing and are aggravated at times of stress.
Trismus is the medical term where a person have an inability to open their mouth, making it difficult to eat, perform speech and maintain proper oral hygiene. The muscles of mastication plays an important role, allowing us to chew our food. Damage to any one of these mastication muscles can cause limitations in mouth opening and the inability to chew due to pain. This pain reflex is often referred to as “muscle guarding” and can develop when the muscle fibers provoke pain as they stretch. Pain causes muscles to contract, resulting in a decrease in range of motion that is uncontrollable by the patient.
The earlier you start treatment, the better the chance for a great recovery.It includes:
A cleft is a split or gap in the upper lip and/or roof of the mouth (palate). It is present from birth. The gap is there because during the development in the womb , parts of the baby's face didn't join together properly.
The goals of treatment for cleft lip and palate are to improve the child's ability to eat, speak and hear normally and to achieve a normal facial appearance.
It is a surgery performed to change the shape or size of the nose. It is a delicate, complex operation.
Oral cancer is also known as mouth cancer. It is a cancer of the lining of the lips, mouth, or upper throat. It most commonly starts in the mouth as a painless white patch that thickens, develops red patches, an ulcer, and continues to grow.
It is treated the same way many other cancers are treated. Surgery is done to remove the cancerous growth, followed by radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy (drug treatments) to destroy any remaining cancer cells.